charlotte's web 夏洛的网

2017-03-048556

E.B. White's enduring classic celebrates in style with the release of the Charlotte's Web 5oth Anniversary Retrospective Edition. The handsome volume sports a clothbound cover framing original jacket art; inside Rosemary Wells adds country color to Garth Williams's original b&w illustrations. An afterword by Peter F. Neumeyer illuminates White's life and work including photographs of the author on his farm in Maine as well as pages from the seminal manuscript.


一头小猪威伯与大灰蜘蛛夏洛同住在农场仓房的地窖中,聪明勇敢的夏洛在自己的网上编织“好猪”、“杰出”、“谦虚”等等字样,使得威伯在猪的比赛中荣获了大奖,救了他的性命。而威伯又怀着感激之情,保护了夏洛的孩子顺利诞生。这本书出版后,深受小读者的喜爱,许多成年人也爱读。在1953年度美国儿童文学奖评选中名列第二。

内容简介

Beloved by generations, Charlotte's Web and Stuart Little are two of the most cherished stories of all time. Now, for the first time ever, these treasured classics are available in lavish new collectors' editions. In addition to a larger trim size, the original black-and-white art by Garth Williams has been lovingly colorized by renowned illustrator Rosemary Wells, adding another dimension to these two perfect books for young and old alike.

Whether you are returning once again to visit with Wilbur, Charlotte, and Stuart, or giving the gift of these treasured stories to a child, these spruced-up editions are sure to delight fans new and old. The interior design has been slightly moderated to give the books a fresh look without changing the original, familiar, and beloved format. Garth Williams's original black-and-white line drawings for the jacket of Stuart Little have also been newly colorized by the celebrated illustrator Rosemary Wells. These classics return with a new look, but with the same heartwarming tales that have captured readers for generations.

在朱克曼家的谷仓里,快乐地生活着一群动物,其中小猪威尔伯和蜘蛛夏洛建立了真挚的友谊。然而,一个丑陋的消息打破了谷仓的平静:威尔伯未来的命运竟然是成为熏肉火腿。作为一只猪,悲痛绝望的威尔伯似乎只能接受任人宰割的命运,然而,看似渺小的夏洛却说:“我救你。”于是,夏洛用自己的丝在猪栏上织出了被人类视为奇迹的网络文字,并彻底逆转了威尔伯的命运,终于让它在集市的大赛中赢得了特别奖项和一个安享天年的未来。可这时,蜘蛛夏洛的命运却走到了尽头……E·B·怀特用他幽默的文笔,深入浅出地讲了这个很有哲理意义的故事,关于爱,关于友情,关于生死……


作者简介

E. B. White, the author of such beloved classics as Charlotte's Web, Stuart Little, and The Trumpet of the Swan, was born in Mount Vernon, New York. He graduated from Cornell University in 1921 and, five or six years later, joined the staff of The New Yorker magazine, then in its infancy. He died on October 1, 1985, and was survived by his son and three grandchildren.
Mr. White's essays have appeared in Harper's magazine, and some of his other books are: One Man's Meat, The Second Tree from the Corner, Letters of E. B. White, Essays of E. B. White, and Poems and Sketches of E. B. White. He won countless awards, including the 1971 National Medal for Literature and the Laura Ingalls Wilder Award, which commended him for making a “substantial and lasting contribution to literature for children.”
During his lifetime, many young readers asked Mr. White if his stories were true. In a letter written to be sent to his fans, he answered, “No, they are imaginary tales . . . But real life is only one kind of life—there is also the life of the imagination.”

E·B·怀特,美国当代著名散文家、评论家,以散文名世,“其文风冷峻清丽,辛辣幽默,自成一格”。生于纽约蒙特弗农,毕业于康奈尔大学。作为《纽约客》主要撰稿人的怀特一手奠定了影响深远的 “《纽约客》文风”。怀特对这个世界上的一切都充满关爱,他的道德与他的文章一样山高水长。除了他终生挚爱的随笔之外,他还为孩子们写了三本书:《斯图尔特鼠小弟》(又译《精灵鼠小弟》)、《夏洛的网》与《吹小号的天鹅》,同样成为儿童与成人共同喜爱的文学经典。

 

精彩书评


"Children's novel by E.B. White, published in 1952, with illustrations by Garth Williams. One of the classics of children's literature, this widely read tale takes place on a farm in Maine and concerns a pig named Wilbur and his devoted friend Charlotte, the spider who manages to save his life by writing words in her web."

-- The Merriam-Webster Encyclopedia of Literature

 

"The book has liveliness and felicity, tenderness and unexpectedness, grace and humor and praise of life, and the good backbone of succinctness that only the most highly imaginative stories seem to grow. "

-- New York Times Book Review, Eudora Welty

 

经典语句摘抄

we're born, we live,and,when our time comes, we die. It’s just the natural cycle of life.  
我们出生,我们生活,然后,当我们的大限之日到来的时候,我们就会死去。这不过是自然的生活轮回罢了。

 
No! No, just climb down. I'll carry you the rest of the way.  
不!不,只要爬下来。剩下的路我背着你走。  


You made me your friend, and, in doing so, you made a spider beautiful to everyone in that barn.  
你使我成为了你的朋友,这样做之后,你使所有在那个谷仓的生命都认同了一只蜘蛛的美丽。

 
No. My webs were no miracle, Wilbur. I was only describing what l saw. The miracle is you. 
不, 我的网从来都不是奇迹,韦伯儿。我仅仅描绘了我所见到的,你才是那个奇迹。 


Can't you just once in your life think of someone other than yourself?

难道你就不能穷极一生仅有一次的帮助别人而不考虑自己吗?

 

作品品鉴

主题思想

生命的意义 夏洛在临终时对威尔伯说的那些话“……生命到底是什么啊?我们出生,我们活上一阵子,我们死去。一只蜘蛛,一生只忙着捕捉和吃苍蝇是毫无意义的,通过帮助你,也许可以提升一点我生命的价值。谁都知道活着该做一点有意义的事情”,不仅仅安抚了威尔伯,同时也震撼了无数读者。夏洛的这种高贵的品质,让人感动、让人敬佩。告诉人们活在世上,要考虑生命的意义,要提高自身的价值。学习夏洛,乐于助人,不求回报的付出。与人相处的时,要多为对方着想,多给予。

艺术特色

语言简单口语化,语言具有鲜明性。虽然《夏洛的网》清洁比较简单,但是怀特却用只言片语将夏洛,威尔伯,坦普而顿,费恩之间的画面勾画出来,语言凝练鲜明。幽默生动化,语言具有感染力。作为编辑、散文家、评论家等一系列的怀特,笔锋简短有力,而作为一位儿童文学家,怀特特有的语言幽默在《夏洛的网》中表现的淋漓尽致。细腻情感化,语言具有传递性。在《夏洛的网》中夏洛与威尔伯在开篇与结束的两处对话中所隐藏着的浓浓的友情无处不让小读者们的内心都产生了巨大的共鸣。 
童话的叙事风格。童趣盎然是《夏洛的网》重要的叙事风格。在《夏洛的网》中,这位修辞大师在保留自己幽默气质的同时,使用的都是最简单最直接最容易为儿童接受的充满童趣的字眼。 怀特对人物动作、语言、心理的描写十分切合儿童的生理、心理特征,体现出清新、活泼的叙事特色。威尔伯送费恩上学,陪费恩等校车,威尔伯跟着费恩一起散步,费恩吧威尔伯放到婴儿车上,让它躺在洋娃娃身边;威尔伯拱开木板,躲在草丛里拱土。这些充满童趣的文本内容,都能使读者在阅读中能获得轻松愉悦的审美感受。

虽然作者书写的是一个童话故事,但他给人以无限温情、感动和憧憬,是一部给大人阅读的童话。怀特用柔韧无比的蜘蛛丝编织了一张理想的、温暖的、美丽的、爱的大网,感动着世界无数的读者。这是一个善良的弱者之间相互扶持的故事,除了爱、友谊之外,这篇极抒情的童话里,还有一分对生命本身的赞美与眷恋。 
世界上有两种人,一种人读过《夏洛的网》,另一种人则正准备读,有学者这样推介《夏洛的网》,作为美国最伟大的10部儿童文学之一,这样的推介是当之无愧的。《夏洛的网》以细腻的笔触让我们看到了动人的友谊,更给了我们关于生命的深沉的思索。



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